U.S. Carbines in Germany and Austria

and the
U.S. M1 Carbine

The M1 Carbines
in the
American Occupation Zone

Bremen Enclave

The American Occupation Zone The British Occupation Zone National Agencies Additional Info
Bavaria Berlin Lower Saxony Border Guard Accessories
Bremen Enclave Hessen Bundeswehr Oddities
Wurttemberg-Baden Labor Service Parts

The basic outlines of the British and American zones of occupation had been agreed upon at the Quebec Conference in August 1943. This agreement left the American zone land-locked. Consequently, it was also decided that the Americans would control the ports of Bremen, Bremerhaven, and the necessary staging areas in the immediate vicinity [Leahy, Fleet Admiral William D., I Was There (New York, 1950), p. 263]. It was this decision which resulted in the Bremen Enclave.

The territories of the Enclave were handed over to the Americans by the Canadians on 23 May 1945.

The Bremen Enclave was about 1500 square miles, roughly the size of Rhode Island. The population was 486,000 in December 1946. Bremen and Wesermunde were the fourth largest populated city in West Germany. Bremerhaven sits at the entrance to the Waser River at the Atlantic Ocean. Bremen is approximately 40 miles down the Waser river from Bremerhaven. The ports of both cities, and a number of smaller towns inbetween, became the entry/exit port of all U.S. military personnel and supplies for U.S. Forces Europe. Well beyond the period of occupation.

Supplies received at the ports in the Bremen Enclave traveled by train, truck, or boat into the interior of West Germany. The Bremen Police, Bremerhaven Police, German Port Police, and River Police were supplied with American weapons. [OMGUS Arming of the German Port Officers, Shipment 15, Box 121-1, file 43, archives of the Institut für Zeitgeschichte, Munich, Bavaria]

By June 1949 the German law enforcement within the Bremen Enclave had received 1,044 M1 carbines and 1,721 pistols from the U.S. Military Government (OMGUS), Bremen. [OMGUS Civil Administration Division, Bad Nauheim, 08 Sep 1949, Semi-Annual German Police Personal & Equipment Report as of 30 Jun 1949]

Exactly which agencies received which weapons is somewhat of a mystery. This area is the subject of ongoing investigation.


    • Bremen
    • Bremerhaven


    • Osterholz
    • Wesermarsch
    • Wesermunde

Configurations & Markings on the U.S. M1 carbines in Bremen

Still being researched.

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