U.S. M1 Carbine
Quality H.M.C.
Serial Number: 1,638,442

Hessen Landjägerei Police
Kassel District

Background

On the top of the recoil plate of this carbine are the markings HE-J.P.. This is believed to have been the Hessen Landjägerei.

The U.S. Office of Military Government divided Hessen into three regional districts, Darmstadt, Weisbaden, and in the north, Kassel. Cities with a population of 5000 or more were required to set up a municipal police force. Outside the cities was a rural police force. From 1945-1952 the Hessen "rural police" in the districts of Weisbaden and Darmstadt were called the Gendarmerie. In the regional district of Kassel they were known as the Landjägerei.

The regional district of Kassel was comprised of 15 Landkreis (counties) and three cities with a population of 5000 or more.

This carbine is located in New Zealand and most likely traveled there by means of a small arms import/export firm. Unlike the U.S.A., New Zealand does not require the importer to place their name on the small arms they import.

Barrel Group

Barrel type I Underwood 43
Gas Piston    
Front Sight type I JQ (O.D. Jennings Co. of Chicago, IL for Quality HMC)
Barrel Band type IA Swivel marked UP (Union Hardware Company of Torring, CT for Irwin-Pedersen)
Barrel Skirt    
Slide type III SG (Saginaw Steering Gear, Saginaw, MI)

Serial number not stamped in slide.

Stock Group

Stock type III TN (Trimble Nurseryland Furniture Co. of Rochester, NY for National Postal Meter)
Handguard type II JL-B (Jamestown Lounge Company of Jamestown, NY for IBM)
Buttplate   S-S3 (Shelby Spring Co. of Shelby, OH for Standard Products)

Stock and handguard have the last 3 digits of the receiver serial number.

Receiver Group

Receiver type I Quality H.M.C.
Rear Sight type III H in shield (Hemphill Co. of Pawtucket, RI for Inland, also used as replacement rear sight)
Recoil Plate   D.I. (Dayton Mold Co. of Dayton, OH for Inland)


HE-J.P. (Hessen Landjägerei Polizei)

Bolt Group

Bolt type III AI 1 (Inland, manufactured by Autotyre Div.)
Ejector type  
Extractor type  
Extractor Plunger type  
Firing Pin type  

Bolt does not have receiver serial number.

Trigger Group

Trigger Housing type III Q-NL (National Lock Company of Rockford, IL for Quality Hardware)
Trigger type II W (Winchester)
Sear type I U (Underwood)
Hammer type III I-I (International Silver Company of Meriden, CT for Inland)
Safety type IV (rotary) unmarked
Magazine Catch type II-A A-R (made by subcontractor for Rock-Ola - unverified but may be Allied Screw Machine Co. of Chicago, IL)

Bottom of trigger housing has last 3 digits of receiver serial number.

Photos & Data courtesy of

Murray from Auckland, NZ

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